History of Sri Lanka

As one of the most historically, spiritually and culturally diverse countries in the world, Sri Lanka is an island which was divided into many kingdoms for over centuries.

Since the time of Prince Vijaya (who was the son of King Sinhabahu and Queen Sinhasivali) set foot in Taprobane, it marked a turning point in history of the 2500 years of civilization. When the newly arrived prince made relations with the native inhabitants and eventually married the local Queen Kuveni it started off the events that would shape the history of this country. This event has been documented in the Pali chronicles of Dipavamsa, Mahavamsa, Thupavamsa and the Chulavamsa.

With a diverse and colourful history that followed, many battles and kingdoms have risen and fallen, in the dynasties of Kandy, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa and Jaffna. Following the arrival of the Portuguese, an era of colonialism arrived. From the early 16th century to as recent as 1948, when Sri Lanka, then Ceylon attained its independence, the Portuguese, Dutch and British ruled over the land.

After almost five centuries of colonial rule, Sri Lanka was given independence in 1948 of February 4th. Under the guidance of Don Stephen Senanayake, who was appointed as Sri Lanka’s first Prime Minister, ensured that they were free of government by the British Commonwealth.

Following the liberation of Sri Lanka, the population has faced many strife and victory. United as a country, this paradise island hopes to keep its history alive and strong for the future generations to come.